Brock University’s CCOVI Vine Alert program is warning Ontario grape growers of the extreme low temperatures moving into the province and the potential for damage to grape vines.
“We are experiencing colder temperatures as a result of a ‘polar vortex’ which has pushed a large system of very cold air into our region,” Brock warns in a news release.
“Some of the coldest temperatures are predicted to arrive over the next few days. Current forecasts indicate that temperatures may drop below -20 C in some areas between Thursday and Saturday.”
Wind will also be associated with these colder temperatures so there may not be inversions or ability to run wind machines due to risk of damage to the machines.
However, Brock warns, it is important to be prepared in case temperature mitigation opportunities exist.
CCOVI has initial bud survival data posted and is currently assessing bud damage and will continue these efforts following this cold weather.
From the latest cold hardiness testing, the most sensitive cultivars (Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, Syrah) may sustain some freeze damage when temperatures drop below -19 C. THE LATEST COLD HARDINESS DATA can be viewed here.
It is possible that temperatures could fall below critical temperatures under the right conditions and it is important to monitor vineyard temperatures and be prepared to use protective measures if possible.
Start-up temperatures for wind machines should be adjusted to account for what we are currently seeing with vine cold hardiness. For optimal use of wind machines, it is suggested that the start-up temperatures be set at 2 to 3 C warmer than temperatures at which injury might occur. Wind speeds should be monitored along with temperatures due to the characteristics this cold event.